Online edition:ISSN 2758-089X

Ultrasonographic evaluation of geniohyoid muscle mass in perioperative patients

Surgical invasion and postoperative disuse are known to promote systemic skeletal muscle atrophy; however, similar effects on the mass of the muscles of deglutition have yet to be confirmed. Our method of using ultrasonography to measure the area of the geniohyoid muscle (GM), to evaluate the mass of the muscles of deglutition, has been shown to have high reliability. In the present study, we measured the GM area before and after surgery in patients to investigate changes in their muscle mass. Parameters including GM area, quadriceps femoris muscle (QF) thickness, hand grip strength (HGS), and arm muscle circumference were measured preoperatively and at 7 and 14 days postoperatively in patients who underwent thoracotomy and laparotomy. Patient height, weight, and serum albumin (Alb) level were also obtained from medical charts. Comparison of each evaluation parameter between measurement time points demonstrated significant decreases in GM area, QF thickness, HGS, and Alb between preoperatively and both postoperative day (POD) 7 and POD 14. The patients were divided into good (n = 19) and poor (n = 12) postoperative oral intake groups for comparison of GM area. The percentage decrease in GM area was significantly greater in patients with poor oral intake. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate that muscle atrophy due to surgical invasion or disuse may occur in the muscles of deglutition, as in the limb muscles. The findings showed that muscle atrophy occurs in the early postoperative period and persists even at 2 weeks postoperatively. Furthermore, insufficient oral intake may promote disuse muscle atrophy. doi:10.11482/KMJ-E42(2)47 (Accepted on August 25, 2016)

Shimizu S, et al