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Is “less calories and more exercise” enough to prevent hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia in individuals undergoing health checkups? A 5-year retrospective cohort study

Medical professionals generally use “less calories and more exercise” as advice to patients with lifestyle-related diseases. This retrospective cohort study aimed to determine suitable lifestyle modification strategies to prevent hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia in individuals who participated in a medical health check. Health check data of 24, 244 individuals who underwent a specific health check at a health service organization in Fukuyama, Japan from 2011 to 2015 were compared and the association between current lifestyle and onset of hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia in the next 5 years was assessed via Cox proportional hazard model. Current daily alcohol consumption was associated with the onset of hypertension in the next 5 years. Onset of diabetes was related to current smoking. In addition, “eating quickly” was related to diabetes onset in the next 5 years. Given that these lifestyle habits were associated with the onset of the diseases after adjustment with BMI, more appropriate recommendations for lifestyle modification should be considered at health guidance.

著者名
Takao T, et al
45
87-95
DOI
10.11482/KMJ-E201945087
掲載日
2019.11.28

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