Treatment outcomes of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy at Kawasaki Medical School Hospital

Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) was carried out in 196 patients with prostate cancer between December 2009 and November 2017 at Kawasaki Medical School Hospital, and the therapeutic outcomes were assessed. An extraperitoneal approach was used in all cases except 1 and the median follow-up period was 55 months (range, 10-117 months). The median patient age was 69 years (range, 56-79 years), median body mass index was 23.3 kg/m2 (range, 15.2-33.2 kg/m2), and median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level at diagnosis was 7.4 ng/mL (range, 2.2-42.0 ng/mL). Clinical stages of T1c, T2a, T2b, T2c, T3a, and T3b accounted for 63, 43, 31, 57, 1, and 1 case, respectively, while Gleason scores at biopsy of ≥ 6, 7, and ≥ 8 accounted for 26, 138, and 32 cases, respectively. The median prostate volume was 22.0 mL (range, 7.3-65.6 mL), median operating time was 266 minutes (range, 142-540 minutes), and median blood loss (including in urine) was 650 mL (range, 10-5,800 mL). During the initial induction period, 94 patients received autologous blood transfusion and 7 received allogeneic blood transfusion. Nerve-sparing prostatectomy was performed in 17 cases (bilateral in 3, unilateral in 14). Capsular invasion was observed in 57 cases (29.1%) and positive resection margins were observed in 51 cases (26.4%). The median indwelling catheter duration was 6 days (range, 4-26 days) and the median hospital stay after surgery was 11 days (range, 8-34 days). The main complications were intraoperative rectal injury in 7 cases (3.6%), postoperative inguinal hernia in 28 (14.3%), and urethral stenosis in 8 (4.1%). The rate of urinary incontinence at ≥ 1 year after surgery was 32.7% and the rate of PSA recurrence was 15.8%. The overall survival rate was 95.6% at 5 years and 94.7% at 10 years. In conclusion, the oncological outcomes were similar to that reported by previous reports, but postoperative stress urinary incontinence and complications were slightly worse. In the future, further improvement of the surgical technique was desired.

Fujii T, et al